References

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Burrows, Edwin G. and Mike Wallace.

Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford UP, 1999.

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McNamara, Brooks.

The New York Concert Saloon: The Devil's Own Nights. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2002.

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Nicholson, James R.

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Putney, Clifford.

"Service Over Secrecy." Journal of Popular Culture, Summer93, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p179, 12p.

If you would like to be emailed an Adobe Acrobat file (pdf) of Clifford Putney's article, contact our web master, Warren Hedges.

Schmidt, Alvin J.

Fraternal Organizations. Wesport: Greenwood, 1980.

What It Means To Be An Elk

Published by BPOE. Code 5112 - Rev. 8/97

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Zellers, Parker

Tony Pastor: Dean of the Vaudeville Stage. Ypsilanti, MI: Eastern Michigan University Press, 1971.

Last updated on 5/1/08